General And Preventive Dentistry
Prevention is better than cure! Dentistry is not expensive, neglect is! A biannual
visit to your dentist is advisable for healthy gums and teeth. Preventive dentistry
includes, early diagnosis and treatment which includes restorative dentistry and
periodontal treatment. Decayed teeth can be restored with Filling, Onlay, Inlay,
Root canal treatment and Post and core.
Carious part of the tooth is removed and the tooth is prepared to retain the filling
material. Thus the tooth can be restored to its form and function. Various filling
materials are available.
RCT is a treatment of saving the tooth after the damage has been caused by dental
decay or infection, trauma or fracture of a tooth due to an injury, causing injury
to the nerve and blood supply of the tooth.
Bleeding or swollen gums, foul smelling, plaque and calculus deposits can be the
signs of gum diseases. This can progress to mobilty of teeth.Periodontal treatment
comprises of Dental prophylaxis and Scaling and Flap surgery in case of deep pockets.
Flap procedure includes pulling back a section of gum to clean the roots of teeth
and smoothening and reshaping of bone so that plaque has fewer places to grow.
2. Topical fluoride treatment
3. Rampant caries treatment
4. Making Feeding plate for babies born with cleft lip/palate
5. Pit and fissure sealants
6. Preventive resin restoration
These include, wisdom tooth extraction(Disimpaction), Total Extractions, Root pieces
extractions, Biopsy for detection of oral cancer and other oral diseases, .Apical
surgery and apicectomy.
Wisdom teeth are upper and lower third molars, located at the very corner/back of
the the mouth. They come usually when a person is between 17&25 years older. Frequently
there is not enough space for normal eruption for the as by the time they come,
other teeth would have occupied the space in the dental arch. They are not easily
cleansable hence lead to frequent food lodgement ,follwed by decay/infection/dental
pain, Pain in surrounding gums, ear and headache, Pain on chewing, Swelling and
Ulcers. Under these situations removal is completely helpful in preserving other
teeth and structures and preventing further damage.
Are you worried about certain tissue changes in your mouth??do you notice any altered
surface texture, or change in color of lining mucosa??some red or white patch??Is
there any lump?? Initial step can be to see your dentist. Dentists are instrumental
in early detection of oral cancer. Just a through look with naked eye is all that
required at times.Oral cancer if caught early, can be life saving. In fact, in India,
60-80% of patients present with advanced disease as compared to 40% in developed
countries. Early detection would not only improve the cure rate, but it would also
lower the cost and morbidity associated with treatment.